Haiti Population Below Poverty Line – This tracker looks at the latest trends in extreme poverty, including global, regional and country-level data based on World Bank data.
Extreme poverty is defined as living below the global extreme poverty line of $2.15 per day. According to the latest data from the World Bank, about 8.5% of the world’s population (659 million people) lived in extreme poverty in 2019, compared to about 30% in 2000. This means that more than 1.1 billion people have been lifted out of extreme poverty in the last two decades.
Haiti Population Below Poverty Line
Since the turn of the millennium, the proportion of people living in extreme poverty has declined in all regions except the Middle East and North Africa. The largest reductions were seen in East Asia and the Pacific, where the poverty rate fell from 40% in 2000 to just over 1% in 2019.
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Despite overall global progress, more than a third of the population of sub-Saharan Africa lived in extreme poverty in 2019. The region is home to 389 million – 60% – of the world’s population living in extreme poverty.
With the exception of Haiti and Papua New Guinea, all countries with poverty rates above 15% are in sub-Saharan Africa. The highest poverty rates can be found in Madagascar, Somalia and Malawi.
Nigeria, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and India are the three countries with the highest number of people living in extreme poverty. Together, these three countries account for one-fifth of the world’s 140 million people living in extreme poverty.
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Please note that this estimate was made before the latest update of global and regional extreme poverty levels in March 2023 by the World Bank.
World Bank estimates show a historic failure to end extreme poverty due to the pandemic. Despite the uncertainty of data availability, global extreme poverty rose from 650 million to 719 million in 2020 for the first time in two decades.
Since then, poverty reduction has resumed in 2021, but the forecast for 2022 is uncertain due to rising food and energy prices. According to the World Bank, 2022 could be the second worst year for poverty reduction in the last 22 years after 2020.
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About 574 million people (7% of the world’s population) are expected to live in extreme poverty in 2030, which is expected to fall short of the global target set by the Sustainable Development Goals to reduce extreme poverty below 3% (255 million people). is . ).
“These failures have altered the path to poverty reduction in major and lasting ways, moving the world further away from its goal of ending extreme poverty by 2030.”
The source of the data used in this tracker is the World Bank’s Poverty and Inequality Platform. Projections for 2020 and beyond are taken from the World Bank’s Poverty and General Well-being 2022 report. Christopher Hamel Christopher Hamel Chief Operating Officer – World Data Lab Baldwin Tong Baldwin Tong Research Analyst – World Data Lab Martin Hofer MH Martin Hofer Research Analyst – World Data Lab
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Africa is the world’s last frontier in the fight against extreme poverty. Today, one in three Africans—422 million people—live below the global poverty line. They make up more than 70 percent of the world’s poorest people.
However, there is light at the end of the tunnel. According to the World Data Lab, Africa has now reached a milestone in its fight against poverty. As of March 2019 – and for the first time since the launch of the SDGs – more Africans are now escaping extreme poverty than were born (or born) below the poverty line (Figure 1). This rate of net poverty reduction is currently very low: only 367 people per day. Nevertheless, by the end of this year, this figure will increase to more than 3,000 people per day, resulting in a total reduction of 1 million people in African poverty in 2020.
If this broad trend continues, by 2030 the number of extreme poor in Africa will fall to 45 million and relative poverty will fall from 33.5 percent today to 24 percent. However, this still means the continent will fall short of achieving Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 1 by ending extreme poverty by 2030. An estimated 377 million Africans still live on less than $1.90 a day, and very few African countries have broken the poverty line. .
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The most serious poverty reduction challenges in Africa are found in just two countries: Nigeria and the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). Combined, the 150 million citizens of these two countries account for more than a quarter of the total poverty in Africa and are expected to account for nearly half of Africa’s poor by 2030. In the next decade (or beyond) among the middle class—the share of relative poverty will drop to about 3 percent—the absolute number of poor people in Nigeria will still rise to about 20 million due to rapid population growth. In the Congo, relative poverty is projected to decrease by 15 percent, but the absolute number will rise to nearly 2 million, meaning that more than half of the population will still live in extreme poverty by 2030.
By 2030, Africa will account for around 87 percent of the global poor – the main hotspots outside of Africa will be Haiti, Papua New Guinea, Venezuela, Afghanistan and North Korea.
However, many countries, including sub-Saharan Africa, are making progress in eradicating poverty. Today, four countries have poverty rates below 3 percent: Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Mauritius and Seychelles. Currently, Mauritania and The Gambia are expected to join the group by 2030. There are six other countries where the poverty rate is expected to remain below 5 percent. With a slight acceleration in growth, these economies could make history of extreme poverty by 2030:
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If current trends continue, Ethiopia and Kenya are projected to achieve SDG 1 by 2032; Ghana, Angola and Ivory Coast in 2033; And Djibouti will follow a year later in 2034.
With the global poverty narrative shifting to Africa, including at this year’s UN General Assembly, ending extreme poverty by 2030 seems almost impossible at present. However, it is important to note that the continent has turned the corner and poverty levels are expected to decline significantly over the next decade. Some countries struggle with development like Haiti. Since gaining independence from French colonial rule two centuries ago, the Caribbean nation has faced numerous foreign interventions, chronic political instability and devastating natural disasters. The combination of these forces turned America’s richest colony into the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere.
The United States has had a long and difficult history with Haiti, including a two-decade, sometimes bloody, occupation in the early twentieth century. Despite their often tense relationship, the two countries maintain close economic and social ties, but bilateral relations have been strained under President Donald Trump. During his tenure, Trump sought to limit immigration from Haiti and while President Joe Biden promised a new approach to the country, the assassination of Haiti’s president, widespread civil unrest and a worsening economic crisis have hit the country on multiple fronts. has challenged American policy.
Facts About Poverty In Haiti
Spanish colonists arrived in 1492 on the island of Hispaniola, which includes present-day Haiti and the Dominican Republic. Within a quarter of a century, diseases such as smallpox and measles brought by Europeans decimated the native Taino population. Over the next three centuries, European colonists imported millions of enslaved people from West and Central Africa, sugar, coffee and timber, all lucrative exports.
In the early 1600s, French traders established an outpost on the western third of the island, which Paris annexed a few decades later as a colony of Saint-Domingue. In the late 1700s, former slaves Toussaint L’Ouverture and Jean-Jacques Dessalines led a rebellion against French rule that culminated in the creation of Haiti in 1804. Assertiveness, racial equality.
Haiti is the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere. More than half the population lives below the poverty line, and many depend on agriculture to support their families. The country is also highly dependent on foreign income: between 2010 and 2020, the United Nations allocated more than $13 billion in international aid to Haiti, most of which funded disaster relief missions and development programs. Meanwhile, remittances from the Haitian diaspora have grown steadily over the past few years, reaching a record $3.8 billion in 2020 [PDF] or about 24 percent of Haiti’s gross domestic product (GDP).
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Since 2010, trade has averaged 43 percent of Haiti’s GDP. The country’s main industries include sugar processing, flour milling, cement and textile production; About 86 percent of all exports are textiles
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