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Being infected with HIV and AIDS is not a death sentence, and it is important to understand the rights of people living with HIV and AIDS. Having this illness does not change your value as a human being.
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You are entitled to all basic human rights, just like everyone else. People living with HIV and AIDS also have certain rights.
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People living with HIV faced discrimination before information about the disease was widely available. In 2018, 7.7 million people were living with HIV in South Africa.
HIV stands for human immunodeficiency virus. It is a virus that attacks the immune system. It is spread through contact with other people’s bodily fluids.
South Africa has one of the highest HIV infection rates in the world. You can get tested at any South Australian government clinic.
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The virus can be spread during sexual intercourse. It is essential that you use protection when engaging in sexual activity. Condoms are the most effective method of prevention.
You have the right to refuse the test in any circumstances. HIV testing, for any reason, requires full consent.
The Constitution covers your right to medical care, your right to disclose your condition at your own discretion, your right to a healthy pregnancy, and much more.
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Everyone has the right to privacy. Your employer, hospital or doctor cannot force you to tell them about your health. They also cannot force you to take an HIV test.
Chouma said people living with HIV should not face discrimination at home, school, workplace, clinic or anywhere else.
You cannot be fired, suspended, or denied employment because you are HIV positive. You also have the right to education. No one can kick you out of school or refuse to teach you because of who you are.
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If you are HIV positive, you have the right to decide what medical treatment you will receive during your pregnancy.
They have the right to adequate housing and cannot be denied subsidies or housing loans. It is illegal to evict a tenant based on their status.
Everyone aged 13 to 64 should have a routine health exam at least once a year.
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The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends that if you are sexually active, regular testing can rule out the possibility of infection.
If you test positive, antiviral treatment (ART) will be started immediately to protect your unborn baby from infection.
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Reason for dismissal: He stated that he did not honestly declare his medical condition when he applied for the position.
The 27-year-old, who was diagnosed with HIV in 2016, did not disclose his HIV status when he filled out a form during the job application process.
“As much as I want to be honest with myself and with people, I realize that there are some things that you can’t share publicly and that people aren’t ready for,” John said.
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Another HIV-positive person TODAY spoke to recounted a similar experience, saying she continued to face discrimination despite legal provisions.
The Ministry of Manpower (MOM) said on Tuesday (Jan 29) that Singapore has employment laws that “protect employees from unfair dismissal, including dismissal due to their HIV status”.
A day ago, the Ministry of Health revealed that confidential information on 14,200 people living with HIV and more than 2,000 of their contacts had been illegally leaked online.
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In response to media inquiries, the Ministry of Manpower and the Tripartite Alliance for Fair and Progressive Employment Practices (Tafep) said employers should treat their employees fairly and based on merit and not discriminate against any employee simply because he or she is HIV positive.
“Employers should…evaluate applicants based on their ability to perform the job. Therefore, if an applicant’s medical condition does not affect their ability to perform the job, their medical condition should not not be included in the employer’s selection criteria,” Tafep said. the spokesperson said today.
Four years ago, while marketing professional Ajmal Khan was working in a restaurant, he was barred from serving customers because he was HIV positive.
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“He (the manager) said, ‘Because you’re positive, you’re in the back and you can’t serve food. It’s weird.” He replied: “It’s not your problem, it’s to protect the customers.” I didn’t want the customers to complain, “recalls this 29-year-old woman, diagnosed with HIV in 2010.
Recalling another incident eight years ago, Mr Khan said he had successfully passed several rounds of interviews at an accounting firm and at the last stage the interviewer asked him why he had been exempt from military service.
The firm also disclosed Mr Khan’s HIV status to a friend who informed him of his position at the accounting firm.
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Erman Tan, director of the Singapore Institute of Human Resources, said he had heard of cases where HIV-positive employees had been asked to leave their jobs in a “cautious” manner.
He added that the social stigma surrounding HIV makes it difficult for patients to find work. “Sometimes companies don’t have a policy for handling these cases,” he said.
Mr Paul Heng, managing director of Next Career Consulting Group, believes that stigma and discrimination against people with HIV will not disappear for a long time. “Maybe one in ten employers are more open-minded and helpful in treating these people as talents in their own right,” he said.
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TODAY contacted several companies in Singapore as well as the Public Service Department (PSD) to understand their employment practices and anti-discrimination policies.
Public agencies are not required to conduct pre-employment screening if the job does not require it, the PSD said.
It adds: “For applicants who self-identify as HIV positive, this will not affect their employment unless the self-reported medical condition has a significant impact on their ability to perform the job.”
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At OCBC, employees must declare any pre-existing medical conditions in order to apply for medical benefits. “We don’t ask specific questions about HIV,” said Jacintha Low, the bank’s head of human resources planning.
A StarHub spokesperson said the company does not require job applicants to undergo pre-employment physical exams and that it provides medical insurance to all employees.
Social media giant Twitter said it was an equal opportunity employer, adding that it did not make recruiting, promotion or hiring decisions based on “protected characteristics”, including a person’s HIV status, as well as decisions about training and remuneration.
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Under the Employment Act, people living with HIV who have been wrongfully dismissed can return to work or receive compensation from their employer.
“For unionized employees, the union can appeal to the Minister of Manpower under the Industrial Relations Act,” said a spokesperson for the Ministry of Manpower.
Tafeep said it would report employers who violate its guidelines to the Ministry of Manpower, “which in turn may impose sanctions such as stern warnings and restrictions on work pass privileges” .
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While the Ministry of Manpower said it had not received any complaints or appeals against employees unfairly dismissed due to their HIV status in the past, AIDS Action (AFA) said it had received eight complaints last year .
AFA director Avin Tan said some of them were fired after their HIV status was disclosed to colleagues.
Although the advocacy group has an intervention mechanism in place, Chen told TODAY that many callers simply expressed their displeasure and refused to mediate with their former employers.
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“We tell them we can intervene, but many of them refuse, give up and give up on the fact that this is their life,” Mr Tan said. “They are disillusioned and unable to act.”
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We know switching browsers is tedious, but we want you to be fast, secure, and have the best experience TODAY possible. With early and effective treatment, people living with HIV can live lives like others. Take a test to find out your HIV status.
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HIV stands for human immunodeficiency virus. HIV infection weakens the body’s immune defenses by destroying CD4 lymphocytes (T cells), the white blood cells that protect us from bacteria, viruses and other harmful pathogens. When these white blood cells are destroyed or weakened, they are no longer able to effectively protect the body against infections. This can increase your risk of serious diseases and conditions, as well as a higher risk of certain cancers.
As science advances, early and effective treatment can suppress viral load so that people living with HIV (PLHIV) can live lives similar to others. If someone is infected with HIV
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