How Many Homeless People Are In California – The latest homelessness count report from California’s Continuum of Care shows a significant increase in the number of homeless people in 2019.
While we await the results of the official homelessness count from HUD, a recent report provided by the California Continuum of Care (CoC) provides an estimate of the number of people counted by the CoC earlier this year, which is approximately 150,000. or about 14% more. As compared to those counted in 2017, as mentioned in the table below.
How Many Homeless People Are In California
The reason the 2019 census results are compared to 2017 rather than 2018 is because HUD requires CoCs to conduct the census every other year. Only half (48.8%) or 21 of California’s 43 COCs counted the homeless in 2018. HUD requires all COCs to conduct an annual shelter count.
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The following maps and related tables are based on recent reports prepared by the California CoC. The map and table show a significant increase in the number of homeless people counted and reported by the CoC in 2019 compared to those counted in 2017.
The map immediately below shows that 10 or nearly a quarter (23.3%) of COCs reported a decrease in the number of individuals enumerated in 2019 compared to 2017, and 33 or more than three (76.7%) reported an increase. of. Of the 33 COCs, 12 or more than a third (36.4%) reported an increase of more than 40%. Nine (9) or an additional 25% reported an increase between 20% and 40% and another four (4) (12%) reported an increase of more than 10% but less than 20%. Remaining eight (8) out of 33 COCs registered an increase of less than 10%.
The table below shows that approximately 130,000 people were counted as homeless by all CoCs in 2017 and approximately 150,000 in 2019, representing a cumulative increase of 13.7%. Homeless and sheltered homelessness were counted in January and publicly reported and/or shared the results with Urban Initiatives for inclusion in this report. The US Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) does not require COCs to round out the number of homeless in even years.
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Another 22 CoCs did the shelter count. HUD will combine its 2020 sheltered numbers with its 2019 homeless numbers and report their total as their 2020 sheltered and unsheltered homeless numbers.
HUD will likely post the California COC’s 44 homeless counts as well as all counts done by each COC statewide in January in the COC’s Homeless Populations and Subpopulations Report by the end of the year.
Of the 22 California CoCs that counted sheltered and unsheltered homelessness, 17, or more than a quarter (77.3%), reported more people being homeless in 2020 than in 2019. People are compared by numbers and are shown in red in the map below. , Five of the 22 COCs, or 22.7%, had fewer people homeless in 2020 than in 2019 and are colored blue in the map below.
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There were 93,098 people homeless and sheltered in the 22 COCs mentioned above in 2019 and 103,014 people in 2020, which represents an increase of almost 10,000 people (9,916) or 10.7%.
Table 1 compares the number of people counted as homeless by the 22 COCs that count homelessness in 2019 and 2020 and the 22 COCs that do not count homelessness in 2020.
The January 2021 homeless count will help determine the impact of the homelessness epidemic in California. Homelessness has increased in California since January, particularly due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. The homelessness epidemic may be due to an increase in evictions. Currently, it is estimated that 30–40 million people in the United States are at risk of being evicted in the next few months.
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However, HUD has not yet announced whether COCs will be required to count homelessness due to safety concerns related to COVID-19. An announcement is expected soon. A shelter number will be required.
If necessary, HUD has indicated that the homelessness count will only include a “head count” rather than collecting additional information from adults who previously experienced homelessness such as gender, age, race, ethnicity. , and subpopulation data such as veteran status. and long-term homelessness.
More people will be identified as homeless in 2021 than were counted in 2020, especially if extra efforts are made to find and count people living in cars. Often, when people are first homeless they live out of their vehicles and are unable to stay with friends and family and initially refuse to stay in a shelter.
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Persons living in vehicles such as cars, vans, trucks, and recreational vehicles (RVs) that are in poor condition or who have limited or no access to water, electricity, or sewer are listed by HUD as non-sheltered numbers need to. Early identification of locations known to contain where cars are parked overnight to ensure that occupants of cars are counted is key to determining the impact of the pandemic on homeless homelessness in California . For decades, California lawmakers have struggled to find the best answer to homelessness. The crisis that is in the whole country. But, now that it has reached epidemic levels, studies and grassroots efforts have shown that homelessness is not as isolated an issue as previously thought.
Here at our treatment center in Orange County, CA, we focus on providing individualized treatment and educational tools to help substance abusers recover. We also know firsthand that substance abuse and homelessness are often linked.
Although there is no recent data on the subject, in 2003 the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration estimated that 38% of homeless people were dependent on alcohol, and 26% were using other drugs. This is much higher than in the general population.
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Let’s be clear – not every homeless person has a substance abuse issue or a mental health issue. But studies show that drug abuse often leads to homelessness due to interpersonal, professional and financial conflicts. Additionally, people who are homeless often turn to drugs and alcohol to cope with their stressful lives.
Given the convergence of these two issues, we found it important to delve deeper into California’s homelessness crisis to find out which is the most pressing. This study used data from the 2018 Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) Point-in-Time (PIT) Projections by Continuum of Care (CoC) in California to determine the areas that were most underserved by county. have been held, where many have become homeless. From 2009 to 2018. The results are as follows.
This graphic shows the number of homeless people per 100,000 members of the population for each county or collection of counties covered by a particular COC. According to our data, the areas with the highest concentration of homelessness are Monterey and San Benito counties, with 5,361 homeless per 100,000 people.
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Homelessness in Monterey and San Benito is worse than the nearby urban San Francisco Bay Area, where the number of homeless is 776.3 due to high rents, low-wage jobs, and a high cost of living. Area
Other areas with the highest number of homeless people include Madeira and Mendocino counties, with 1,359.8 and 1,004.5 homeless per 100,000 people, respectively. The two states filed a joint appeal earlier this year to fund the Homeless Emergency Assistance Program after the homeless shelter crisis was declared.
At our Orange County location of Laguna Remedy, we see the lowest homelessness rates in the state. Orange County has approximately 155.5 homeless people per 100,000 people. However, surrounding areas are more affected by the issue, such as in contiguous Los Angeles with 521 homeless per 100,000 people, or inner Los Angeles County cities like Pasadena with 478.9 homeless per 100,000 people.
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Riverside, San Bernardino, and Kern counties are the areas with the lowest homelessness in California, with 94.5, 97.5, and 98.7 homeless per 100,000, respectively. Interestingly, Riverside and San Bernardino counties are among the most populous in the state.
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Now, to the central question of our study – where has the homelessness crisis in California been over the last ten years?
Recent Homeless Count Reports From California Continuums Of Care Reveal A Significant Increase In The Number Of Homeless Persons Counted In 2019
To answer this question, we calculated the rate of change of the number of homeless people over the period 2009-2018, shown in the heat map above. Our results showed that homelessness is increasing the most in most rural and urban COCs in California, while many urban and suburban COCs, including large cities, have been able to reduce their homelessness numbers.
For example, El Dorado County, a predominantly urban county in the neighborhood of Sacramento, has seen the largest increase in homelessness over the past ten years at 33.83%. A group of smaller counties in Northern California have joined together to form a COC, such as Shasta, Siskiyou, Lawson, Plumas, Del Norte, Modoc, and Sierra counties.