How Much Did The Cross Of Jesus Weigh – Crosses and Crucifixes, Archeology of Crosses; true cross; liturgical use; and object of devotion
,.- For the sake of clarity and convenience, the article under this general heading has been divided into three main sections corresponding as nearly as possible to the three broad aspects of the subject, each of which is further subdivided as follows. :
How Much Did The Cross Of Jesus Weigh
Elementary signs of the cross; (2) The cross as an instrument of punishment in the ancient world; (3) Crucifixion of Jesus Christ
How Did Crucifixion Kill Jesus?
Rise of Christianity; (2) The doctrine of veneration of the cross; (3) Relics of the True Cross; (4) The principal feasts of the cross
Material objects for liturgical use; (2) The liturgical forms associated with them; (3) Commemorations of the Holy Cross
“Adoration” ceremony; (5) The cross is a manual sign of blessing; (6) Consecration of churches to the Holy Cross, etc.; (7) Cross in religious orders and crusades; (8) Cross outside the church
Crucifix. Culture: French. Dimensions: Overall (with Cross): 59 3/4 X 45 5/8 X 13 1/8 In. (151.8 X 115.9 X 33.3 Cm) Overall (without Cross): 55 1/8 X 41 5/16 X 12
-The sign of the cross, represented in its simplest form by cutting two lines at right angles, dates back to the time before the introduction of Christianity in both the West and the East. It goes back to a very distant human civilization. In fact, some have tried to extend this sign to its true ethnographic meaning. It is true that the ornamental and geometrical conceptions obtained by juxtaposing lines in the sign of the cross are strikingly different; However, the cross was not originally just a decorative device, it was certainly something else from ancient times. symbolic-religious meaning. The primitive form of the cross was apparently the so-called “gamma” cross (
In successive generations it changed, the ends became curved or more complex lines or decorative dots were added, converging in the center. The Khas symbol is a sacred symbol in India, very ancient and widespread throughout the East. It has a special meaning among Brahmans and Buddhists, but Captain Burnouf (“Le lotus de la Bonne loi, traduit du sanscrit,” p. 625; Journ. Asiatic Soc. of Great Britain, VI, 454) considers it more general. between the former and the latter. It appears to represent a device once used by the ancestors of mankind to light a fire; Hence it was the symbol of the living flame, the sacred fire, whose origin is Maya, representing the productive power (Burnouf, La Science des dins). It is, according to Milan, the symbol of the sun (Bertrand, La din des Gauloises, p. 159), and seems to represent its daily revolution. Others saw in it a mystical representation of the God of thunder or storm, or even a symbol of the Aryan pantheon and the ancient Aryan civilization. Emile Burnouf (this page, p. 625) took the Sanskrit word literally and divided it into particles.
. In this way, especially through the glossary, it can mean “sign of blessing” or “good omen” (
Cross Of Blessing Gold Plated Parade Cross Large Cross Orthodox Product Jesus Cross Catholic Cross, For Christian Decor Wall Crosses (color
Apparently used in a causal sense (Burnouf, Dictionnaire sanscrit-francais, 1866). Symbols were very common throughout the East, where the earliest civilizations existed. Buddhist inscriptions carved in some Western Indian caves often precede or cover this sacred symbol (Thomas Edwards, “The Indian Apostrophe,” 1880; Philip Gregg, “On the Meaning and Origin of Philphot and Apostrophe”). In the area of ancient Troy, Schliemann’s famous excavations at Hissarlik yielded many examples of patterns: corner shelves, cubes sometimes attached to animals, and even cut into the bellies of female deities. It has also been observed in small statues of the goddess Attis. Hittite monuments have symbols, e.g. on a cylinder (“The Monuments of the Hittites” in “Transactions of Soc. of Bibl. Archaeology”, VII, 2, p. 259. For the occurrence of monuments in Galatia and Bithynia, see Guillaume and Perrot, “Exploration archeologique de la Galatie et de la Bithynie “, Atlas, Pl. IX). vases, vases, Attic vases depicting Gorgons, set on Corinthian coins (Raoul-Rochet, “Mem. de l’acad. des inscr.”, vol. X V i, II., 302 sqq.; “llercule assyricn,” 377-380; Minervini “Bullarch. Naples.”, Ser. 2, II, 178-179) and in the treasury of Orchomenus. It seems to have been unknown in Assyria, Phoenicia and Egypt. In the West it is often found in Etruria. It is from Chius on a porcelain vessel and calf in the famous Etruscan tomb at Cere (Griffi, Mon. di Cere, Pl. VI, No. 1) There are many such emblems from the Capanna di Corneto, the vessels of Bolsena and Vetulonia; and in the tomb of the Samnites at Capua, in the center of the cloak of the man depicted there (Minervini, Bull. arch. Napolit., ser. 2, Pl. II, 178-179). The symbol is also found on Pompeian mosaics, on Italo-Greek ceramics and on coins from Syracuse, Sicily (Raoul-Rochette, “Mom. de l’acad. des inscr.” Pl. XVI, pt. II, 302 sq.; Minervini, “Bull. arch. Nap .”, series 2, Pl. II, pp. 178-179); and lastly, among the ancient Germans, in rock carvings in Sweden, on several Celtic stones in Scotland, and on a Celtic stone found at Norfolk, England, now in the British Museum. The symbol is found on the pagan tombstones of Thebessa in Roman Africa (Annuaire de la Societe de Constantine, 1858-59, 205, 87) and mosaics.
(Ennio Quirino Visconti, Opere varie, ed. Milan, I, 141, sqq.), and a Greek epitaph at Porto. In this last monument the comma is imperfectly formed and resembles a fkeen letter. We explain its value and symbolic meaning below
When found in Christian monuments. But the hyphen is not the only symbol known in antiquity. Cross-shaped objects have been found in Assyria. The statues of Kings Assurnazirpal and Sansiraumani, now in the British Museum, have cruciform jewels around the neck (Layard, Monuments of Nineveh, pp. II and IV). Father Delattre found cross earrings in a Punic tomb in Carthage.
What Does It Mean To Take Up Your Cross?
The ancient Egyptians incorrectly called it the “Key of the Nile”. It is often seen as a symbolic symbol in the hand of the goddess Sekhet. Since ancient times, it appears among hieroglyphs symbolizing life or living people, transliterated into Greek.
. But the meaning of this sign is very obscure (De Morgan, Recherches sur les origines de l’Egypte, 1896-98); Perhaps it was an astronomical symbol, like a comma. Crosses are found on many and various Egyptian monuments (Prisse d’Avennes, L’art Egyptien, 404). Later, Egyptian Christians (Copts) were attracted by its shape and perhaps its symbolism, and adopted it as the symbol of the cross (Gayet, “Les Monuments du Musee de Boulaq” in “Memoires de la mission francaise du Caire”). ”, VIII, quickly. III, 1889, p. 18, XXXI-XXXII, LXX-L XXI). (For more on the similarity between the cross and the earliest symbolic signs, see G. de Mortille, “Le Signe de la Croix avant le christianisme”, Paris, 1866; Letronne, “La Croix ansee egyptienne” in “Memoires de l”. ‘ see Academie des inscriptions “, XVI, p. II, 1846, pp. 236-84; L. Muller, “Veber Sterne, Kreuze and Kranze als religiose Symbole der alten Kulturvolker”, Copenhagen, 1865; W. W. Blake, “The Cross”, Ancient and Modern “, New York, 1888; Ansault, “Memoire sur le culte de la Croix avant Jesus-Christ”, Paris, 1891.) It is added that some people found crosses on Greek monuments in their letters.
, “gold,” or other words denoting the value of the coin or the name of the mint (Madden, “History of Jewish Coinage,” London, 1864, 83-87; Eckhel, “Doctrina nummorum,” VIII, 89 F. X. Kraus , “Real-Encyklopadie der christlichen Alterthumer”, II, 224-225). We will return to these letters later.
El Greco (domenikos Theotokopoulos)
In the Bronze Age, the cross was depicted in more detail in Christian art across Europe, and in this form it soon spread widely. This more precise characterization coincides with a general change in customs and beliefs. Nowadays, crosses are attached to many objects in different forms: to spikes, stems, potsherds, the bottom of drinking vessels. De Mortille suggests that the use of this sign was not merely decorative, but a symbol of purification, especially in burial. In the Proto-Etruscan cemetery of Golasecka, each grave has a vase inscribed with a cross. A more or less artistic true cross
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