Salon Uv Gel Nail Polish – Gel manicure safety: What you need to know about UV nails and the risk of cancer New research finds that UV dryers for gel nails damage DNA and mutate cells, confirming the safety of dermatologists. There are actions and alternatives you can take.
Gel nails are famous for their durability but need to be cured under UV light. New research raises questions about the health risks of these devices. StockPlanets/Getty Images hide caption
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Gel nails are famous for their durability but need to be cured under UV light. New research raises questions about the health risks of these devices.
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If you’ve ever had your nails done at a salon, you’re probably used to drying your nails under a UV lamp. And you may have found yourself waiting and wondering: how safe are they?
Researchers at the University of California San Diego and the University of Pittsburgh asked the same question. They decided to test the UV-emitting devices using human and mouse cell lines and published their results last week in the journal Nature Communications.
They found that long-term use of cars can damage DNA and cause changes in human cells that can increase the risk of skin cancer. However, they warn that more information is needed before they can say for sure.
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“Future large epidemiological studies should accurately estimate the risk of hand skin cancer in people who use UV dryers regularly,” the study said. “Such research will take at least a decade to complete and then be presented to the general public.”
Maria Zhivagui, a postdoctoral researcher in San Diego and first author of the study, said in a phone interview that she was concerned about the strength of the results — especially since she gets a manicure every two to three weeks. .
“When I saw these results, I decided to stick with it and reduce my exposure to these dangerous factors as much as possible,” said Zhivagui, who, like other ordinary people, even has a UV conditioner. at home, but at the moment I can’t foresee using it for anything other than drying glue.
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The research confirms concerns the dermatology community has had for years about UV dryers, says Dr. Shari Lipner, MD, director of skin and nail care at Wern Cornell Medicine.
Most dermatologists, he says, recommend regularly protecting your skin from the sun with fingerless gloves.
“I think that was the way even before the research,” Lipner said. “Based on the research, I think we need to convince people to be more careful.”
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Maria Zhivagui of San Diego is among the researchers looking at the effects of nail dryer exposure on human and mouse cell lines. The UCSD Jacobs School of Engineering hides the writing
Maria Zhivagui of San Diego is among the researchers looking at the effects of nail dryer exposure on human and mouse cell lines.
Over the years, there have been occasional cases of people who polish their nails — such as beauty pageant contestants — reporting rare cancers of their nails and fingers, which some dermatologists have linked to UV exposure ( Lipner says several studies have included this).
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Furthermore, UV devices are marketed as safe (even by the FDA), but he could not find any studies examining their effects on cells to confirm this.
“We wanted to design this study to address questions about the potential effects of artificial UV light,” says Zhivagui, director of public health and cancer prevention research.
The researchers tested three different types of cells, two from humans and one from mice, with different levels of exposure.
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Under intense exposure, the petri dishes were placed in the UV machine for 20 minutes, then removed for one hour and placed for another 20 minutes. Under chronic exposure, they were put under a car for 20 minutes a day for three days.
The researchers found that a single 20-minute session resulted in 20-30% of cell death, while three consecutive sessions resulted in 65-70% of detected cells. UV exposure caused mitochondrial and DNA damage in the remaining cells.
Zhivagui notes that nail salons typically have UV equipment that is more powerful than what is used in research, meaning that the light energy can be higher even though it is used less often in a salon than in a lab.
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Research has shown that repeated exposure to UV light can damage human cells. But he can’t link it to skin cancer — although he cites previous research linking the genetic mutation to a higher risk of cancer.
There are limits to what a single study can show. Lipner suggests that if volunteers are at risk of developing skin cancer, it would be unethical to replicate it with real people.
“So sometimes studying cell lines is the best way to see what’s going on, even if it’s not what’s happening in humans,” Lipner says.
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He and Zhivagoi both say that larger epidemiological studies are needed. It is possible to follow normal users for years and then analyze someone who is sick.
The study found that a single 20-minute session resulted in 20-30% cell death, while three consecutive sessions resulted in 65-70% of detected cells. The UCSD Jacobs School of Engineering hides the writing
The study found that a single 20-minute session resulted in 20-30% cell death, while three consecutive sessions resulted in 65-70% of detected cells.
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Lipner says gel manicures are new, and DNA damage often takes time to build — so cases of skin cancer linked to UV dryers may emerge in the coming years.
“Therefore, I would recommend that people with a long or permanent hair coloring history… every few weeks consult a board-certified dermatologist who can regularly check their skin for early signs of skin cancer, ” he says. Lipner..
Although people are used to monitoring their moles for signs of melanoma, Lipner says that the type of skin cancer associated with UV dryers is actually a different type called squamous cell carcinoma, which is very different and more aggressive.
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“In mild patients, it can appear red or pink,” he says. “In people with dark skin, it can turn purple.”
Zhivagoi noted that some people are more susceptible to skin cancer, such as the elderly or people with fair skin or red hair.
And since the FDA classifies UV lights as “low risk when used as directed,” you may want to avoid UV lights if you’re taking certain medications or supplements that may make you more sensitive to UV rays, including certain antibiotics and birth control pills. . .
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Lipner says that without data, it’s impossible to say how much UV exposure — but the better.
“I would generally look for alternatives to manicures,” she says. “If you’re going to get a gel manicure, use sunscreen and fingerless gloves; it really adds a ton of protection. Maybe if you go once a month, you can cut it down to a few times a year.”
He also says there’s another reason people don’t want to get gel polish: the acetone needed to remove it has left nails thin and weak, which is a cosmetic and functional problem.
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There are steps you can take to protect yourself during gel manicures and pedicures — as well as alternatives.
The FDA recommends limiting use of blow dryers to 10 minutes per hand and removing makeup, perfumes and skin care products beforehand, as some of these products can increase sensitivity to UV rays. One major exception is sun protection.
Experts recommend applying broad-spectrum sunscreen to your hands 20 minutes before exposure to UV light. Lipner says people should use a broad-spectrum sunscreen of SPF 30 or higher, and cover the upper arms, legs, fingers and toes as needed.
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And, perhaps surprisingly, you don’t need to worry about covering your nails, as studies show that nails are “impermeable” to UV light.
That’s why experts also recommend investing in fingerless, UV-absorbing gloves that leave your nails alone.
And if you want to spend no time (or at least) under UV dryers, some nail polish alternatives are worth considering.
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Some brands make long-lasting, quick-drying gel polishes that cannot be cured with UV light. You can also choose powders that can be applied to the nail, air dry and last for weeks (although they are usually more expensive than gels).
And don’t do it
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