The Most Popular Religion In Nigeria – Shariah only applies to personal matters (such as marriage, divorce, inheritance and custody), but the legal system is secular.
In Nigeria, Sharia law has been established as the main body of civil and criminal law since 1999 in 12 Muslim-majority states, where Zamfara Governor Ahmad Sani Yerima.
The Most Popular Religion In Nigeria
Start pushing Shariah institutions at the national government level. The “full adoption of Sharia law” took place in twelve states that year, and states established institutions of Islamic law, such as the Shariah Commission. It is said that the Zakat and Hisbah Committees are “groups expected to promote the virtues of Islam, not discouraged by the weak”.
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According to some critics (Leo Igwe, Chairman of the Humanist Society of Nigeria Commission), the adoption of Sharia Law violates Article 10 of the Nigerian Constitution which guarantees freedom of religion.
Twelve of Nigeria’s thirty-six states have Islam as their main religion.
Promoting Islamic virtues and discouraging vices Each of the twelve countries has a Hisbah group. But each of these groups of Hisbah is “Unique”
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For example, in 2016: “Kano and Zamfara hisbah is based on the law of the land,” “has a legally authorized board or committee with the power to manage the country,” and is funded by the government to pay their salaries . “Thousands of people” Hisbah in Gombe State “No legal support” No legal support No “government funding and it is made up of volunteers” who “sometimes have to give money to ts In the operation of the organization,” Borno State Hisbah “exists only on paper.”
According to Human Rights Watch, Hisbah’s activities in Nigeria are similar to those of other vigilante groups in the country, in that “it mainly consists of young people recruited from the area who often guard neighboring areas in Nigeria.” and sometimes he immediately punished those suspected of having committed a crime without handing it over to the police.
Human Rights Watch noted that “the majority” of Hisbah members have “low formal education”. there is no legal basis and they are not trained in the law or methods of arresting, investigating or gathering evidence. Human Rights Watch is not aware of any women participating in Hisbah in Nigeria.”
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Although there is no legal provision regarding the operation of the Hisbah, there is a “common understanding” of what the Hisbah is allowed to do. “They are expected to catch criminals” but not “to stalk people’s houses or spy on them just out of suspicion.” In fact, these “guidelines and others” are often ignored, and People’s “privacy rights” are violated.
When Hisbah members are responsible for Unlike other vigilante groups, “Human Rights Watch was not aware of the killings of Hisbah members in 2004.”
After the Shariah was introduced, from 2000 to 2002 there were many reports of Hisbah violations, with the punishment of whipping at that time, especially Hisbah illegal. 2003 Hisbah Violation “Seems reduced”.
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According to the Nigerian Stability and Reconciliation Program (NSRP), when Hisbah’s “disciplinary work” attracted media attention, Hisbah could also participate or participate in conflict resolution. marriage counseling to help the poor, etc.
Blasphemy is a crime under Nigerian civil law and Sharia law. Some notable cases have been canceled or restarted. On August 10, 2020, 16-year-old Omar Farouq (who attempted to become an adult under Muslim law that exempts puberty) was sentenced to 10 years in prison with hard labor. “Using foul language against Allah is not debating with a cold person.” This case was protested by UNICEF.
Even after being imprisoned The case was overturned by the appellate division of the Kano High Court and Farouq was released.
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Yahaya Sharif-Aminu, a 22-year-old music studio assistant, was killed on August 10, 2020, for creating. “messages insulting the Prophet Mohammed in WhatsApp groups” and “returned to the Sharia court for a new trial due to the Irregularity of the procedure”.
In Kano, on 30 October 2003, a group of about 20 Hisbah members disrupted a wedding ceremony saying it was an “un-Islamic act”. Many guests, musicians and members of the wedding party were beaten and injured. Music instruments and car windows of cars parked at the house were also smashed. According to the police Hisba is armed with knives, sticks and swords.
In an example of the conflict between the police and the Hisbah, the local Police arrested about 30 members of the Hisbah, however, all of them were released without charge.
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Homosexuality is a crime under local law and Sharia law. The two main religions in Nigeria are Islam and Christianity. Including human culture that prohibits homosexuality.
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In December 2018, several women in Kano were arrested by the Hisbah on charges of organizing same-sex marriages. In January 2019, 11 women were fined by the Sharia court under the government’s immoral acts law.
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In July 2022, three boys aged 20, 30 and 70 were accused of “sexual assault” and executed by stoning (rajm).
As of June 30, 2021, the Hisbah Board of Kano State (Kano State is the most populous state in Nigeria, according to the most accurate csus) has banned the use of dummy. “showing clothes by tailors, supermarkets and shop owners” in Kano, General Hisbah Ustaz Harun Muhammad Sani ibn Sina gave a statement saying “Hisbah does not use mannequins in shops. commercial and private buildings and other public places This violates Islamic provisions. It is also responsible for the thoughts of bad behavior among some of its members. All these things are against Islam. ”
In August 2021, the use of headless mannequins was banned for advertising clothing in stores. when the head is placed, it looks like a person.” A headless doll should be “Always hidden” because it shows “the shape of the chest and the shape of the lower part
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In 2020, the Kano State Hisbah Board destroyed 1,975,000 beer bottles worth N200 million (about $500,000) seized in the capital city of Kano.
In 2020, the Islamic Police in Kano State cut off the Mohawk hair of a young man on the side of the road in Kano.
Since the restoration of the Shariah courts in Nigeria in 1999 to 2020, only one death was reviewed by the court.
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In 2002, a man confessed to the murder of a woman and her two children. He was found guilty under Sharia law in Katsina and hanged.
The Sharia Court of Appeal is recognized as the Federal Court of Appeal under the Government of Nigeria. The Islamic Court of Appeal is the most controversial court in the judicial system. It is located in the capital city of Nigeria and is part of the unified council system. Shariah Court of Appeal Review Cases Relating to Sharia Law Mainly in the North and North East of the country. This has caused controversy because although the Shariah Court of Appeal interprets and reviews cases related to Islamic law, it does not. They also have to explain the customary and traditional laws of other parts of Nigeria.
There have been many upheavals regarding the implementation of Shariah principles. Most of them include non-Muslim minorities in countries where the system has been adopted. One Riot on “Kano Government’s Decision to Adopt Sharia Law”
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In theory, the Sharia law system and the implementation of Hisbah apply only to Muslims. But according to the BBC “Non-Muslims were actually pressured to follow the decision of the Hisbah.” In 2020, trucks carrying non-Muslim alcoholic beverages were vandalized and several bars were attacked by the Hisba after accusing the owner of “corrupt behavior”.
In 2002, a bad light was cast on Shariah in northern Nigeria when Amina Lawwal, a single mother in Katsina state, was accused of adultery and stoned to death by a Shariah court for having an illegitimate child. My father was released without evidence. Lawal’s sentence caused outrage in southern Nigeria and the West. Many national and international NGOs urged the federal government to reverse its decision. It ruled that the pregnancy was not sufficient to prove it. and Lawla returns to her private life. Prayers on March 22, 2020 Mass at St. Gabriel in Abuja, Nigeria (Catholic News Service/Afolabi Sotunde, Reuters)
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