The Most Powerful Secret Society – Secret societies flourished, with founders and royalty among them. Members (often male) were invited to join the Knights Templar, the Freemasons, the Bavarian Illuminati, Skull and Bones, and Bilderberg. The attraction of secret societies is part mystery, part legend.
Conspiracy theories have surrounded them for centuries, with rumors of groups like the Illuminati linked to everything from the French Revolution to the assassination of JFK. But it’s important to separate fact from fiction. Here are the true stories of the most secret societies.
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The Knights Templar were warriors dedicated to protecting Christian pilgrims to the Holy Land during the Crusades. The military order was founded around 1118, when the French knight Hugh de Payen founded the Poor Soldiers of Christ and the Temple of Solomon, or Knights Templar for short. Headquartered on the Temple Mount in Jerusalem, members vowed to live a life of chastity, obedience and poverty, abstaining from gambling, alcohol and even vows.
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The Knights Templar were known only for their fighting prowess and moral lifestyle. They became one of the richest and most powerful powers in Europe after establishing a bank that allowed pilgrims to deposit money in their country and bring it back to the Holy Land.
Their influence reached new heights in 1139 when Pope Innocent II exempted Pope Bull from paying taxes… and the only person they had to answer to was the Pope. At the height of their power, the Knights Templar owned the island of Cyprus, a fleet of ships, and loans to kings. But not all kings were happy customers.
When the Crusades ended after the fall of Acre, the Knights Templar went to Paris, where they concentrated on their banking business. On October 13, 1307, King Philip IV of France refused to grant further loans to the Knights Templar, and a group of knights were captured and tortured until they confessed their wrongdoing. In 1309, as the city of Paris watched, dozens of knights were burned at the stake for the crimes of the Templars.
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Under pressure from the French crown, Pope Clement V officially disbanded the order in 1312 and divided their wealth. Theorists were rumored to have kept artifacts such as the Holy Grail and the Crude Oil of Turin from the Knights Templar. Likes popular books and movies
In French) is the double cross seen in the coat of arms of the Duke of Lorraine. During the First Crusade, when Lorraine nobleman Godfrey de Bouly became King of Jerusalem, the symbol became known as the “Jerusalem Cross”. When the Wrights Templar arrived in the Holy Land, they adopted it as a symbol of order.
During World War II, the Cross of Lorraine was a symbol of French resistance to Nazi rule. Some eagle-eyed observers have spotted the Cross of Lorraine in the logos of Exxon and Nabisco and even slapped it on Oreo cookies.
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Freemasons are big in America, 13 of the 39 men who signed the US Constitution were Freemasons. Founding Fathers such as George Washington, James Monroe, Benjamin Franklin, John Hancock, and Paul Revere considered themselves members of the fraternal order. But who are Freemasons?
Freemasonry has its roots in medieval Europe, when most craftsmen were organized into local guilds. Cathedral builders had to travel from city to city by profession. They identified each other using trademarks such as the builder’s square and the Mason’s now-symbolic compass.
, or the Halliwell Manuscript, was published in 1390, but Freemasonry as we know it began in 1717, when four London lodges united to form the first Grand Lodge of England. Freemasonry quickly spread to Europe and the American colonies.
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Freemasonry is not a religion, although members are encouraged to believe in a Supreme Being, or “Great Architect of the Universe.” Masonic temples and secret rituals brought them into conflict with the Catholic Church. The Church first condemned the Freemasons in 1738 and issued about 20 decrees against them. In 1985, the Roman Catholic bishops repeated this restriction for more than 200 years. with increasing numbers of Catholics joining the order.
The Church was not their only enemy; Masonic secrecy first created such mistrust in America that it inspired America’s first “third party”: the Anti-Masonic Party.
The Freemasons still exist today, and their public image has been greatly influenced by the high level charity work of the Freemasons, who are part of the Freemasons, as well as the “Nobles of the Ancient Arab Orders of the Mystic Shrine”. The Shriners were founded in 1870 at New York’s Knickerbocker College and continue their volunteer work today.
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The rituals involved in becoming a Freemason are shrouded in mystery, but they have entered the public imagination in movies and television, and even been parodied in an episode of “The Simpsons.” Membership is open to all men over the age of 21, and women join an affiliated group called the Order of the Eastern Star. According to the New York Times, prospective members must be asked to join and cannot be approached otherwise, as summed up in the recruitment slogan: “All you have to do is ask.”
If you do, you’ll be in good company: famous Freemasons include Mozart, Winston Churchill, Davy Crockett, Franklin D. Roosevelt, and John Wayne.
The most famous symbol of Freemasonry is the square and the compass. The right corner of the plotter’s square is connected by the compass, the central tool of geometry, which according to MIT experts is denoted by the “G” in the center of the symbol. Others have interpreted “G” as God, the “Great Architect of the Universe.”
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The vision of the All-Seeing Eye as a Masonic symbol has been hotly debated. The Egyptians used the “Eye of Horus” long before the Masons, and the all-seeing eye reappears in Renaissance art as a symbol of Christianity and divine vigilance. But organizations like the Federal Reserve System of Philadelphia were founded by Freemasons Henry Wallace and Franklin D. In 1934, Roosevelt chose it as a target when he redesigned the dollar bill.
According to the George Washington Masonic National Memorial, the “seeing eye” is a symbol of the “vigilance of the supreme architect,” which began to appear in printed Masonic literature in the mid-17th century.
The Illuminati was founded on May 1, 1776 in Bavaria by Professor Adam Weishaupt. Weishaupt, influenced by the conservative Catholic Church and the Bavarian monarchy, sought to transform organized religion into a form of intellectual “Enlightenment.” . Inspired by the spread of the Enlightenment in Europe, he also drew on ideas from the Jesuits (of whom he was a former member), the Seven Shades of Memphis, the Kabbalah, and the Freemasons. He recruited heavily from the latter group, infiltrating Masonic lodges in search of the wealthiest and most powerful men in Europe.
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Dubbed the “perfectionists”, the Bavarian Illuminati was divided into three levels of power and drawn from society’s elite, including the former Freemason Baron von Knigge and the writer Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. All communication was encrypted, and participants were given classical nicknames (Weishaupt’s, like Spartacus).
The organization flourished until it was suppressed by Karl Theodor of Bavaria, who in 1787 ordered the death penalty for any member of the Illuminati. But the death of the Bavarian Illuminati did not stop rumors of their secret activities, and conspiracy theorists made the connection. group from the French Revolution to the assassination of JFK. The Illuminati served as inspiration for Dan Brown
The Order of Skull and Bones is a secret society founded in 1832 at Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut. William Huntington Russell, founder of Skull and Bones, was inspired by an occult society in Germany. It was founded by Alphonse Taft, Grant’s future Secretary of War and father of President William Howard Taft…who would also be a member of Skull and Bones. Bonsman’s notable list includes several presidents and current government brokers.
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Each year, 15 Yale seniors join Skull and Bones. Their names are printed
Whatever is behind the closed doors of the tomb, the windowless meeting place, which meets twice a week, is shrouded: the members are sworn to secrecy. Aspirants are called “Patriarchs” and initiates are called “Knights”. Outsiders are “barbarians”.
Notable members of Skull and Bones include Presidents William Howard Taft, George H.W. Bush and his son George W. Bush; the founder
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Journal of Henry Luce; former Secretary of State and presidential candidate John Kerry; Fortune 500 and CIA members.
According to Anthony Sutton, Skull and Bones has inspired many conspiracy theories to create a “new world order” ruled by the Bones.
The skull and crossbones symbol is a skull with two crossbows respectively.
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