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The deadly conflict between the Ethiopian government and the military in the northern region of Tigray has plunged the country into chaos.
What Is Happening In Ethiopia
The fighting lasted for three weeks and killed hundreds of civilians and soldiers, but also displaced thousands from their homes.
Ethiopia’s Tigray Crisis: Rebel Resurgence Raises Questions For Abiy Ahmed
The war broke out in early November, but had been building for months. “It’s like watching a train wreck in slow motion,” said Dino Mahtani of the International Crisis Group.
At a time when the country was on the brink of civil war, he explained the reasons why the violence started and how it affected Ethiopians.
Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed ordered troops to enter the region on November 4 after accusing the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF) of attacking a military base.
Ethiopia Warns Tigray Residents That ‘anything Can Happen’
The TPLF party ruled the country for decades until Mr Abiy took over. Tigres makes up about 5 percent of the population but has more influence than the multi-ethnic coalition of 1991-2018.
For example, the collapse of the coalition that ruled the country led to several regional parties merging into a national organization called the Barwaqa Party.
The Tigray region saw this move as a power grab and Mr Abiy’s attempt to consolidate power and weaken the Ethiopian government system.
Opinion: A Pogrom Is Happening In Ethiopia
Mr Abiy – who won the 2019 Nobel Peace Prize for ending his country’s 20-year war with Eritrea – has also called off indefinite elections due to Covid-19.
In response, Tigray’s angry leaders recalled their representatives in the capital and seized the vote – which the government called illegal.
The violence has already forced thousands of people from their homes in the Tigra region to neighboring Sudan where airstrikes and ground fighting have caused widespread destruction.
Ethiopia’s Oromia Conflict Flares As Tigray Violence Subsides
According to the UN, 6,000 refugees enter Sudan every day, with more than 21,000 crossing since November 20.
The conflict has spread to Eritrea, where the TPLF has fired missiles, and has also affected Somalia, where Ethiopia has killed hundreds of Tigray soldiers fighting al-Qaeda-linked militias. .
Thursday, November 26, 2015 (HOL) – Abiy Green launched an attack on the regional capital of Mekelle, where 500,000 people live. .
Ethnic War: What Is Happening In Ethiopia?
“The last door of peace that was open for the TPLF party to go through is now completely closed because of the TPLF’s contempt for the people of Ethiopia,” Abiy said in a statement.
Mr Abiy, who won the Nobel Peace Prize last year, after ending the long-running conflict between Eritrea, called on the people of Mekelle to “stop fighting, stay at home and stay away from military targets”.
The United States, which sees Ethiopia as an important partner in the troubled region, has called for peace, saying the African Union (AU) supports diplomatic efforts “to end this conflict bad now.”
How Ethiopia’s Tigray War Fuels Amhara Expansionism
France also expressed concern about the humanitarian crisis, condemning “ethnic violence” and calling for the protection of civilians.
Deprose Muchena, East and Southern Africa Director of Amnesty International, said on Thursday: “The war in the Tigray region has killed hundreds of civilians, injured others, and forcing thousands of people into refugee camps in neighboring Sudan.
“At the beginning of preparations by the Ethiopian Armed Forces to surround the city of Mekelle, Amnesty International reminds all parties that the targeting of civilians and public property under international humanitarian law.
Ethiopia’s Civil War Is Raging. How Can It Get On Track Toward Peace?
Ethiopians fleeing violent conflicts in their homeland of Tigray, have received food at the Um Rakuba refugee camp in neighboring Sudan, Gedaref Region, Sudan.
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Refresh the page or navigate to another page on the site for proper access Please update your browser to access A year of war in Ethiopia, the second largest country in Africa, and those who hold In border security, thousands of people have died, more than two million people have to flee their homes and pushed some parts of the country to the conditions of famine.
If Ethiopia Descends Into Chaos, It Could Take The Horn Of Africa With It
Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed’s forces – Ethiopian troops, ethnic militias and troops from neighboring Eritrea – are fighting to overthrow the Tigray People’s Liberation Front, T.P.L.F. or, from his stronghold in the region, North of Tigray.
The tide of the civil war changed a lot. The government faced a crisis in early November when Tigray activists marched south to the capital, Addis Ababa, prompting Mr. Abiy to express surprise. Foreigners who fled the country have been detained by the government, thousands of Tigray people.
But weeks later Mr. Abiy staged a military coup, halting the rebels’ advance less than 100 miles from the capital, then forcing them to retreat hundreds of miles into the mountains of Tigray .
The New Humanitarian
The 2019 Nobel Peace Prize winners, Mr. Abiy has mobilized ordinary people to take up arms to stop the development of Tigray. “There is nothing to stop us. The enemy will be defeated,” he told a group of tired soldiers.
But the most important thing for his success on the battlefield was the armed planes brought in from the United Arab Emirates, Turkey and Iran, which filled the Tigrean army.
When the war went down in January, Mr. Abiy released some political prisoners which led him to speak to President Biden on the phone. But peace efforts supported by the African Union have stalled after famine spread to Tigray, and a government blockade slowed the flow of aid. The idea of a ceasefire seems far-fetched.
The Conflict In Ethiopia’s Tigray Region: What To Know
This is how the war in Tigray has made Ethiopia, an ally of America, more powerful and threatening to destabilize the Horn of Africa region.
Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed ordered a military offensive against the northern regional government of Tigray in a national address in November 2020. Credit… Ethiopia Broadcasting Corporation, via Reuters
Even before the war, Mr. Abiy appears to be focused on breaking the power of the T.P.L.F., a one-time insurgency that has dominated Ethiopian politics for nearly three decades.
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A former intelligence officer, Mr. Abiy once served as a minister in the government of T.P.L.F. But when he came to office in 2018, he tried to take the power and influence of the party to the anger of the Tigray leader and retreated to his stronghold of Tigray. The problem increases.
The conflict worsened in September 2020 when Tigray held regional parliamentary elections against Mr. Abiy, who postponed the election across Ethiopia. Two months later, the violence changed.
In November 2020, T.P.L.F. Militants attacked a government army post in Tigray in what they said was a pre-emptive attack by government forces preparing to launch an attack from the neighboring region.
Ethiopian Orthodox Church Head Says Genocide Is Taking Place In Tigray
An hour later, Mr. Abiy ordered a war against the rulers of Tigray. But his promises of a quick and bloodless victory quickly fell apart.
T.P.L.F. his armed aides fled to the countryside and mountains and fought there. In June, Ethiopian forces suffered heavy defeats when they were forced out of Tigray, and thousands of soldiers were captured by government forces.
In early November, rebels attacked the capital Addis Ababa. But then Mr. Abiy with the support of helicopters forced the Tigrays to return to their lands in the north. He is said to have died in the conflict, although fighting continues in Anfar and Amhara regions bordering Tigray.
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In all this, civilians are the ones who suffer the most. Since the beginning of the war, eyewitnesses have reported numerous atrocities, many of which have been confirmed by UN investigations, of massacres, ethnic cleansing, and the manipulation of the crime.
On March 2, the United Nations appointed a team of investigators led by Fatou Bensouda, a former prosecutor of the International Criminal Court, to gather evidence of crimes against the use in future crimes.
A demonstration for the 45th anniversary of the founding of the Tigray People’s Liberation Front, in Mekelle, February 2020. Credit… Michael Tewelde/Agence France-Presse – Getty Images
They Once Ruled Ethiopia. Now They Are Fighting Its Government.
While Tigray was part of an ancient kingdom that ruled Ethiopia and the wider region, Tigray remained separate from the central government until the 19th century. Tigres make up 7 percent of Ethiopia’s population. to the two largest ethnic groups, the Oromo and the Amhara, more than 60 percent. However T.P.L.F. emerged as the main force in the violent coalition that overthrew the Marxist government in 1991.
Under Prime Minister Meles Zenawi, Ethiopia emerged as a stable country in a turbulent region. It has a very good economic growth and has become an ally of the United States, which sent troops to Somalia to fight the Islamists in 2006.
But internally, the government of the T.P.L.F. The government has systematically suppressed political opposition and restricted freedom of expression. There is a lot of abuse in government buildings.
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After Zenawi’s death in 2012, the power of the T.P.L.F began to weaken, leading to protests against the government in 2016, eventually paving the way for Abiy to become Prime Minister in year 2018.
Mr. Abiy, one T.P.L.F. Together, move quickly to eliminate the old guard. He is
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