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Hannibal Hamlin (August 27, 1809 – July 4, 1891) was an American lawyer and politician who served as the 15th Vice President of the United States from 1861 to 1865, the first term of President Abraham Lincoln. He was the first vice president of the republic.
Who Was The First Vice President Of The United States
A lawyer, Hamlin began his political career as a Democrat in the Maine House of Representatives before being elected twice to the United States House of Representatives and to the United States State. With his strong abolitionist views, he left the Democratic Party for the newly formed Republican Party in 1856. In the 1860 election, Hamlin organized the winning Republican ticket as a New glander allied with Northwestern Lincoln. Although he was not a follower of the president, he loyally supported his great projects such as the Emancipation Proclamation.
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In the 1864 election, Hamlin was replaced as vice president by Andrew Johnson, a Southern Democrat chosen for his appeal to Southern Unionists. After being appointed collector of the port of Boston, Hamlin was appointed to two more terms in the state, eventually becoming the US ambassador to Spain before retiring in 1882.
Hamlin was born to Cyrus Hamlin and his wife Anna (née Livermore) in Paris (now Maine, part of Massachusetts). He was sixth in descent from the brilliant settler James Hamlin, who settled in Barnstable, part of the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1639.
According to folklore, Hamlin’s life was saved as a baby by an American medicine woman named Molly Ockett.
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Hamlin was seriously ill and Ockett ordered him to drink hot cow’s milk, after which he recovered.
Hamlin attended district schools and Hebron Academy and later managed his father’s farm. From 1827 to 1830 he published the Oxford Jeffersonian newspaper in collaboration with Horatio King.
Was admitted to the bar in 1833 and began practice in Hampd, Maine, where he remained until 1848.
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Hamlin married Sarah Jane Emery of Paris Hill in 1833. Her father was Steph Emery, who was appointed Attorney General of Maine from 1839 to 1840.
His wife died in 1855. The following year, Hamlin married Sarah’s sister, Ell Vesta Emery. They had two children together: Hannibal E. and Frank. He Hamlin died in 1925.
Hamlin’s political career began in 1835, when he was elected to the Maine House of Representatives. Appointed a commander on the staff of Governor John Fairfield, he served with the army at the bloodless Battle of Aroostook in 1839. He facilitated negotiations between Fairfield and Lieutenant Governor John Harvey of New Brunswick, which helped reduce tensions and led to the Webster- Ashburton Treaty. . , which led to war.
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Hamlin ran unsuccessfully for the United States House of Representatives in 1840 and left the state House in 1841. He was later elected to two terms in the United States House of Representatives, serving from 1843 to 1847. He was elected by the state legislature to fill it. . US state seat in 1848, and for a full term in 1851. An early-career Democrat, Hamlin supported Franklin Pierce’s 1852 presidential election.
From the beginning of his service in Congress, Hamlin was famous as an opponent of the expansion of slavery. He was a prominent supporter of the Wilmot Proviso and spoke out against the Compromise of 1850. In 1854, Hamlin strongly opposed the passage of the Kansas-Nebraska Act, which repealed the Missouri Compromise. After the Democratic Party blocked the repeal of the 1856 Democratic National Convention, on June 12, 1856, he left the Democratic Party and joined the new Republican Party, causing chaos.
Republicans elected Hamlin as governor of Maine that same year. He won the elections with a large number and was installed on January 8, 1857. But at the end of February 1857 he resigned from the presidency. He returned to the United States, serving from 1857 to January 1861.
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1860 election button for Abraham Lincoln and Hannibal Hamlin. The other side of the button has a picture of Lincoln.
Hamlin was nominated by the Republican Party for Vice President of the United States in the 1860 presidential election on the ticket with former Representative Abraham Lincoln, the presidential candidate.
Since Lincoln was from Illinois, Maine’s vice presidential candidate provided the margin. As a former Democrat, Hamlin was able to convince some antislavery Democrats that joining the Republican Party was the only way to ensure the end of slavery.
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Hamlin and Lincoln were not friends, but they had a good working relationship. At that time, the vice-president was part of the legal department in his capacity as president of the State and did not attend cabinet meetings; Hamlin did not visit the White House often. Mary Todd Lincoln and Hamlin did not love each other. To him, Hamlin complained, “I’m the fifth wheel on a coach and I can’t do much on my wheels.”
Beginning in 1860, Hamlin was a member of Company A of the Maine State Guard, a militia.
When the company was called up in the summer of 1864, military leaders told Hamlin that because of his position as vice president, he was not required to participate in the war. He chose to serve, saying that he can set an example by doing the job that every citizen expects, and the only permission given because of his office was that he was assigned by two officials in one area. He reported to Fort McClary in July, initially engaged in routine duties, including guard duty, and later assumed the role of company cook. He was promoted to corporal during his service and joined his regiment in September.
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In June 1864, Republicans and War Democrats joined to form the National Union Party. Although Lincoln was replaced, Democrat Andrew Johnson of Tennessee was nominated to replace Hamlin as Lincoln’s running mate. Lincoln was anxious to expand his support and looked toward Reconstruction in the South, while Johnson had established himself as the warlord of annexed Tennessee. Hamlin, by contrast, was an ally of the northern “Radical Republicans” (who later opposed Johnson). Lincoln and Johnson were elected in November 1864, and Hamlin’s term expired on March 4, 1865.
After leaving the vice presidency, Hamlin served briefly as collector of the port of Boston. Appointed to this position by Johnson, he resigned in opposition to Johnson’s Reconstruction policy and accompanied efforts to win over politicians after being rejected by Republicans. Republicans supported Johnson as part of the National Union ticket during the war, but opposed him after he became president and his position on Reconstruction diverged from their own.
Although Hamlin narrowly missed out on the presidency, his vice presidential bid created half of the state’s influence in the Maine Republican Party. During the period 1861-1911, Maine Republicans held the offices of Vice President, Secretary of the Treasury (twice), Secretary of State, President pro tempore of the United States state, and Speaker of the United States House of Representatives United (twice), and chose the presidential candidate of James G. Blaine, who had more influence in national politics than the political representatives of Maine.
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Not struggling with private life, Hamlin returned to state in 1869 to serve two more terms before retiring from the race in 1880 due to a heart attack. His last act as a public servant came in 1881 when Secretary of State James G. Blaine persuaded President James A. Garfield to appoint Hamlin as United States ambassador to Spain. Hamlin took office on June 30, 1881, and served until October 17, 1882.
After returning from Spain, Hamlin retired from his public service at his home in Bangor, Maine, which he purchased in 1851. The Hannibal Hamlin House – as it is called today – is located in downtown Bangor at 15 5th Street. Featuring Victorian, Italianate and Mansard architecture, the building was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1979.
Hamlin was elected to the Third Class of the Loyal Legion of America. The Third Class was a section of MOLLUS designed to recognize civilians who had contributed significantly to the Union during the war.
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On July 4, 1891, Hamlin collapsed while playing cards at the Tarratine Club he founded in downtown Bangor, and died a few hours later at the age of 81.
He was buried in Hamlin Cemetery in Mount Hope Cemetery in Bangor. He outlived six of the vice president’s successors (Andrew Johnson, Schuyler Colfax, Henry Wilson, William A. Wheeler, Chester A. Arthur, and Thomas A. Hdricks), more than any other vice president of the United States.
Hamlin had four sons who grew up: Charles Hamlin, Cyrus Hamlin, Hannibal Emery Hamlin and Frank Hamlin. Charles and Cyrus served in the church
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